Optimization of parameters affecting separation of gas mixture of O2, N2, CO2 and CH4 by PMP membrane modified with TiO2, ZnO and Al2O3 nanoparticles

Document Type: Original research

Authors

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The application of membranes in various industries is one of the most urgent needs to reduce energy consumption and environmental pollutants as well as low investment costs in the process of separation. In this investigation, the optimization of effective parameters for separation of gas mixture of CH4, CO2, O2 and N2 is studied by modified poly(4-methyl-1-pentane) (PMP) membrane including nanoparticles (TiO2, ZnO, Al2O3). Design expert software was used and prevailing data on membrane modeling were categorized according to the process variables such as permeability, selectivity, composition and percentage of nanoparticle, and gas pressure difference. In order to validate the model, the results predicted by the model were compared with the experimental data. Good agreement was observed between the predicted and experimental data, and it was found that nanoparticles have a considerable effect on the results. In the case of gas permeability, the best results were obtained for the nanoparticles of alumina (15 wt%) at the pressure of 3 bar. However, titanium dioxide nanoparticle (10 wt%) at the pressure of 9 bar showed the best results for gas selectivity. The optimum point for both permeability and selectivity was obtained for the membrane containing 10 wt% titanium dioxide at 5 bar.

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