Document Type: Original research
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Chemistry, Sarvestan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, Iran
Department of Catalyst, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
A FI Zr-based catalyst of bis[N-(3,5-dicumylsalicylidene)-2′,6′diisopropylanilinato]zirconium(IV) dichloride was prepared and used for polymerization of ethylene. The effects of reaction conditions on the polymerization were examined in detail. The increase in ethylene pressure and rise in polymerization temperature up to 35 oC were favorable for catalyst/MAO to raise the catalytic activity as well as the viscosity-average molecular weight (Mv) of polyethylene. The activity of the catalyst was linearly increased with increasing MAO concentration and no optimum activity was observed in the range studied. Although introduction of the bulky cumyl and 2′,6′-diisopropyl alkyl substitution groups on ortho positions to the phenoxy-oxygen and on phenyl ring on the N, respectively enhanced the viscosity average molecular weight (Mv) of the obtained polymer strongly, diminished the activity of the catalyst. Neither the activity of the catalyst nor the (Mv) of the obtained polymer were sensitive to hydrogen concentration. However, higher amount of hydrogen could slightly increase the activity of the catalyst. The (Mv) of polyethylene ranged from 2.14×106 to 2.77×106 at the monomer pressure of 3 and 5 bar respectively which are much higher than that of the reported FI Zr-based catalysts.