Document Type : Original research
Department of Polymer Processing, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI), P.O. Box 14975/112, Tehran, Iran
Researchers have studied the possibility of various polymer composites for radiation shielding applications. Lightness and non-toxicity of these materials are their significant advantages compared to Pb base traditional and common shields. In this research, polyethylene (HDPE)-based composites for shielding against X-ray radiations were prepared by utilizing several weight fractions of the nano tungsten oxide, bismuth oxide, and barium sulfate, which were decorated on nanographene oxide (10, 15, 20, and 25 wt%). The linear and mass attenuation coefficient values of samples were investigated experimentally with an X-ray tube at radiology energy ranges and estimated theoretically by using MCNP code (Mont Carlo Nanoparticle program). Results illustrate that by increasing the nanoparticles content, the linear attenuation coefficient parameter and the absorbed dose values increased dramatically. The shielding efficiency of the prepared samples has been shown by measuring the HVL values. Furthermore, the effect of sample thicknesses on the attenuation properties of nanocomposites was studied in this research. The morphological properties of the samples were evaluated with SEM. The collected results showed that the particle size of the nanoparticles used has a uniform dispersion in the polymer matrix. The mechanical properties of nanocomposite samples were characterized by DMTA and tensile test. Nanocomposites containing 20% and 25% of tungsten oxide and bismuth oxide particles reached to 88% and 90% dose absorption, respectively.