Document Type: Original research
MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
In this paper, a series of well-defined polyethylene-b-polytetrafluoroethylene diblock copolymers (PE–b– PTFEs) were prepared by a coupling reaction of hydroxyl-terminated polyethylene (PE–OH) and isocyanateterminated 1H,1H-perfluoro-1-tetradecanol (PFDO–NCO). PE–OH was prepared by the coordination chain transfer polymerization using 2,6-bis[1-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino ethyl] pyridine iron (II) dichloride /dry ethylaluminoxane/ZnEt2 as catalyst and subsequent in situ oxidation with oxygen. PFDO–NCO was synthesized through the condensation reaction of 1H,1H- perfluoro-1-tetradecanol (PFDO) with isophoronediisocyanate (IPDI). Subsequently, the thermal characterization and the application of these diblock copolymers were investigated. The relationship between the molecular structure and the properties was disclosed. The results indicated that the diblock copolymers were effective surface modification agents for linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE). After that the PE–b–PTFE being spin-coated onto the surface of LLDPE film, the film was dramatically turned into a superhydrophobic film with a water contact angle as high as 151.4º. This kind of film is potential to be used as selfcleaning, anti-icing and anticorrosion material.