Evaluation of effects of thymolphthalein on thermooxidative stability of polypropylene

Document Type : Original research


1 Department of Polymer Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Polymer Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The present work is aimed to find a new and efficient type of antioxidants for polypropylene. Hence, effects of 3,3-bis(4-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenyl)-2-benzofuran-1-one, generally known as thymolphthalein, on thermo-oxidative stability of polypropylene in solid and melt states were evaluated and compared with those of SONGNOX 1010, an efficient commercially used antioxidant for the polymer. Oven ageing experiments followed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy showed that thymolphthalein increased thermo-oxidative stability of the polymer outstandingly in the solid state and its stabilization efficiency was comparable to that of SONGNOX 1010. In addition, measurements of oxidative induction time (OIT) and oxidation onset temperature (OOT) revealed that thymolphthalein improved thermo-oxidative stability of the polymer in the melt state significantly. It was also observed that thymolphthalein did not interfere with the stabilization action of SONGNOX 1010 in the polymer neither in melt nor in solid state. On the basis of the obtained results, a probable mechanism for the stabilization action of thymolphthalein in the polymer is proposed.


Main Subjects

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Volume 4, Issue 1 - Serial Number 7
January 2017
Pages 79-86
  • Receive Date: 10 May 2016
  • Revise Date: 16 August 2016
  • Accept Date: 23 September 2016
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2017