Dissymmetric dinuclear transition metal complexes as dual site catalysts for the polymerization of ethylene

Document Type: Original research

Authors

1 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, University of Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany

2 Laboratorium für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany

Abstract

A series of dissymmetric dinuclear complexes were synthesized, as dual site catalysts in ethylene polymerization, by coupling the allylated a-diimine complexes of the metals Ti, Zr, V, Ni and Pd with the ansa-zirconocene complex [C5H4-SiH(Me)-C5H4]ZrCl2 possessing a hydride silane moiety. The different stages of syntheses included the formation of bis(cyclopentadienide)methyl silane which was utilized to prepare the silyl-bridged zirconocene complexes. The dinuclear complexes were prepared by mixing the latter complexes with allylated alpha-diimine via a hydrosilylation reaction using the Karstedt catalyst, platinum (0)1,3 divinyl-1,1,3,3,-tetramethyldisiloxane to react at room temperature for 40 h. These dinuclear complexes were activated with methylaluminoxane (MAO) and tested for the polymerization of ethylene. The dinuclear catalysts showed various activities depending on the nature of the metals and produced polyethylenes with broad or bimodal molecular weight distributions. The trend in polymerization activities was: Ni>Pd>V>Zr>Ti. The ethylene polymerization activities of the dinuclear catalysts were almost double the activities of their analogous alpha-diimine precursors.

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Main Subjects


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